Paradigm Shifts

T.S. Kuhn (1962) was the first scholar to propose that knowledge does not progress linearly in time. Marginal accumulation of knowledge is effectively observed during  periods of “normal science”, in which the scientific community collectively commits to a central paradigm.

However, these periods of normal science are interrupted by periodic revolutions in which the nature of scientific inquiry within a particular field is radically transformed. A scientific revolution, Kuhn claims, is triggered by the accumulation of anomalous results under the prevailing paradigm.

This crisis is overcome by the emergence, and acceptance, of a new paradigm which subsumes previous results along with the anomalous results in a unified framework.

In this research, we explore the possibility that the evolution of knowledge can be better understood if the relations between individuals who search for better technologies are considered. More specifically, we propose to address the creation of knowledge as a social enterprise. Thus, it is the aim of this work to account for radical change without resorting to individual grandeur, but on the complementarities of individual adventures, i.e., we aim to account the paradigm shift involved in the transition from a Ptolemaic cosmology to a Copernican cosmology without giving centrality to Copernico in our explanation.

We are collaborating with several colleges, in particular a visit of Roberto Iglesias  gave us the opportunity to interact and develop a collaboration program in this topic. He deliver the lecture: Diffusion of innovation: the social influence.